1．The awful pictures make Amy sad.
（1）make sb. /sth. ＋adj. 使某人/某事……（adj. 作宾语补足语）
e.g. The news made me excited.
What he said made us sad.
The soft music made the baby sleepy.
（2）make sb. do sth. 使某人做某事（接省去了to的不定式）
e.g. Wars make the peace go away. 战争使和平远离。
The color makes people want to eat faster.
She made her children wash their hands before eating.
e.g. The teacher made him stay after school.
→He was made to stay after school.
e.g. The big boy made her cry.
→She was made to cry.
make breakfast 做早饭 make the bed 铺床
make a plane 做飞机 make money 赚钱
make trouble 惹麻烦 make progress 取得进步
make a telephone call 打电话
make a decision 作出决定
make a plan 制定计划
make a speech 作演讲
make a mistake 犯错误
make a suggestion 提建议
make a reply 答复
2．I’d rather go to the Blue Lagoon Restaurant because I like to listen to quiet music while I’m eating.
（3）I’d rather do sth…. 我宁愿做……
e.g. I’d rather go early and get home before it gets dark.
I’d rather finish it tomorrow.
※rather do…than do… 宁愿……而不
e.g. He’d rather do it himself than ask me for help.
3．Yes and no. 说不准。（It’s hard to give a clear answer.）
e.g.－Jim’s birthday party great?
－Yes and no.
4．And waiting for her made me angry.
waiting for her 是动名词作主语。
e.g. Listening to teachers carefully in class is very important.
5．…it was so sad that it made us cry.
e.g.He was so tired that he couldn’t get up the next morning.
The music is so loud that it makes me stressed out.
He works so hard that he always gets good grades.
She got up so late that she was half an hour late for the examinations.
6．therefore adv. 因此，因而，所以
e.g. He works day and night, and therefore he was able to buy the sports car.
It rained; therefore the football match was put off.
7．Small restaurants can serve many people every day.
serve vt. 为……服务，为……服役；为……尽责
e.g. serve the people serve the country
8．But I bought that shampoo and it didn’t work.
e.g. The way didn’t work well in practice.
The medicine worked and the pain went away.
9．I’ll bet they don’t even keep out the sun.
keep out the sun 挡住阳光
keep out vi. & vt.（可分开使用）不进去，不使……入内
e.g. Please close the door and keep the dog out.
You shouldn’t keep him out.
10．Many ads are aimed specifically at teenagers.
（1）be aimed at （针对）目的是，旨在（to have sth. as an aim）
e.g. Her words were aimed at us all.
The book is aimed at very young children.
（2）aim at 以……为目标，目标在于……，志向
e.g. He was aiming at the tree but hit the car by mistake.
（3）aim to do sth. 立志要……；力争要……
e.g. I aim to be a scientist.
We aim to arrive at 6:00.
※aimless adj. 无目的的，无目标的
aimlessly adv. 漫无目标地
aimlessness n. 无目的，无目标
（4）specifically adv. 特意地，专门地
e.g. a magazine aimed specifically at working woman
11．At times an ad can lead you to buy something you don’t need at all.
lead v. 引导，带领
e.g. The street leads you to the station.
Her explanation was led me to a clear understanding.
e.g. This road leads to an island.
All roads lead to Rome.
（3）lead sb. to do. 兴起……念头，诱导……使
e.g. What lead you to believe it?
Your advice led him to try it again.